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2022 Midwest Vegetable Guide

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Fruiting Vegetables – Diseases Midwest Veg Guide 2022 149 Fruiting Vegetables – Diseases Reviewed by Dan Egel, Sally Miller, Mohammad Babadoost – Sept 2021 Recommended Controls Anthracnose of Fruiting Vegetables - Colletotrichum Fungus Symptoms usually occur on ripe or over-ripe fruit. Begin fungicide applications at or shortly before fruit set. Non-Pesticide Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | Use disease-free seed and transplants. Hot water seed treatment may reduce this seedborne disease. Use temperatures and times of 122 F for 25 minutes for eggplants and tomato, and 125 F for 30 minutes for pepper. Rotate to non-Solanaceous crops for 3-4 years. Use raised beds, staking, and mulch to improve drainage, air flow, and reduce splashing. Prompt destruction of the finished crop with tillage to rapidly break down tissue is an important method to prevent pathogen build-up. Anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD) is an effective biological treatment for greenhouse and high tunnel soils that contain this pathogen. Pesticide Aprovia Top (difenoconazole, benzovindiflupyr) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 10.5-13.5 fl. oz. per acre. Use of a spreader sticker is recommended. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 03, FRAC 07. azoxystrobin products (azoxystrobin) Eggplant, Pepper | Use 2 lb. a.i. per gallon formulations (Acadia, AFrame, Arius, A-Zox, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, Dexter, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Willowood Azoxy) at 5.0-6.2 fl. oz. per acre. Use 3.3 lb. per gallon formulations (AZteroid FC 3.3) at 3.1-3.9 fl. oz. per acre. REI: 4-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 11. azoxystrobin products (azoxystrobin) Tomato | Use 2 lb. a.i. per gallon formulations (Acadia, AFrame, Arius, A-Zox, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, Dexter, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Willowood Azoxy) at 6.0-15.5 fl. oz. per acre. Use 3.3 lb. per gallon formulations (AZteroid FC 3.3) at 3.9-9.7 fl. oz. per acre. REI: 4-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 11. Azterknot (azoxystrobin, Reynoutria sachalinensis extract) Eggplant, Pepper | 7.4-18.4 fl. oz. per acre. REI: 4- hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 11, FRAC P05. Azterknot (azoxystrobin, Reynoutria sachalinensis extract) Tomato | 5.9-7.4 fl. oz. per acre. REI: 4-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 11, FRAC P05. Cabrio EG (20) (pyraclostrobin) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 8-12 oz. per acre. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 11. Cevya (mefentrifluconazole) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 3- 5 fl. oz. per acre. Supplemental label expires October 30, 2023. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 03. chlorothalonil products (chlorothalonil) Eggplant, Pepper | Several formulations of chlorothalonil (Bravo, Echo, Equus, Initiate, Omni, Oranil, Praiz) are labeled at various rates. See label for directions. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 3-day. FRAC M05. Flint (50) (trifloxystrobin) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | Application rates depend on formulation, product and crop. Gem 500 SC is available at the same rates as Flint. Flint Extra may have different rates. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 3-day. FRAC 11. Fontelis (1.67SC) (penthiopyrad) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 16-24 fl. oz per acre for all diseases listed here except anthracnose at 24 fl. oz. Suppression only for anthracnose. In the greenhouse use a rate of 0.75 fl. oz. per gallon per 1,360 sq. ft. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 07. Inspire Super (EW) (difenoconazole, cyprodinil) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 16-20 fl. oz. per acre. Do not apply to small fruited varieties such as cherry tomato. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 0- day. FRAC 03, FRAC 09. mancozeb products (mancozeb) Pepper | Several formulations of mancozeb (Dithane, Manzate, Penncozeb) are labeled at various rates. See label for directions. REI: 24- hour. PHI: 5-day. FRAC M03. Mettle 125ME (1) (tetraconazole) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 6-8 fl. oz. per acre. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 03. Orondis Opti Premix (SC) (oxathiapiprolin, chlorothalonil) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 1.75-2.5 pt. per acre. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 3-day. FRAC 49, FRAC M05. Orondis Opti Premix (SC) (oxathiapiprolin, chlorothalonil) Tomato | 1.75-2.5 pt. per acre. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 3-day. FRAC 49, FRAC M05. Pageant Intrinsic (boscalid, pyraclostrobin) Tomato | Rates are as follows per acre.: Gray mold, 23 oz.; anthracnose and early blight 12.25-23 oz. Labeled for greenhouse-/high tunnel-grown tomatoes. Do not apply on seedlings meant for

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