Great American Media Services

2022 Midwest Vegetable Guide

Issue link: http://read.uberflip.com/i/1431041

Contents of this Issue

Navigation

Page 163 of 291

Fruiting Vegetables – Insects 164 Midwest Veg Guide 2022 oz.; white mold rates 12.5 oz. Suppression only for while mold. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC 07. Howler (Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain AFS009) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 5-15 lb. per acre. See label for other field and greenhouse uses. Suppression of Botrytis gray mold; use in a program with good cultural practices and effective fungicides. REI: 4-hour. PHI: 0-day. FRAC NC. OMRI-listed. Wilt of Multiple Crops - Verticillium Fungus This is a soil pathogen. Eggplants are more sensitive to it than other Solanaceous crops. Non-Pesticide Eggplant, Tomato | Avoid fields with a history of the disease. Rotate to non-Cucurbit, non-Legume, and non-Solanaceous crops for >6 years. Many tomato varieties with resistance are available, and resistant tomato rootstocks are available for grafting under eggplant. Use raised beds, staking, and mulch to improve drainage, air flow, and reduce splashing. Prompt destruction of the finished crop with tillage to rapidly breakdown tissue is an important method to prevent disease build-up. Anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD) is an effective sterilization method for greenhouse and high tunnel soils that contain this pathogen. Pesticide K-PAM HL (5.8L) (metam potassium) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 30-62 gals. per acre. Use high rates on muck, and lower rates on sands. In the fall, when soil at 6 inches is above 50 F and moist, place K-PAM HL or Sectagon K54 about 8 inches beneath the surface through shank-injectors, or broadcast sprayers directly in front of tillage tools to bury it. Seal with soil packing or irrigation. Or, in the spring, it can be applied through drip irrigation under unperforated plastic beds. Before planting, allow product to dissipate for 1 week for every 10 gals. per acre plus 1 more week. REI: 5-day. IRAC 08F, FRAC M03, HRAC NC. RUP. Telone C-17 (L) (1,3-dichloropropene, chloropicrin) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | Muck soils: Use C-17 formulation at 27.4-30 gals. per acre, and C-35 formulation at 33-36 gals. per acre. Mineral soils: Use C-17 formulation at 10.8-17.1 gals. per acre, and C-35 formulation at 13-20.5 gals per acre. In the fall, when soil at 6 inches is above 50 F and moist, place Telone C-17 or C-35 about 8 inches beneath the surface through shank-injectors, or broadcast sprayers directly in front of tillage tools to bury it. Seal with soil packing, irrigation, or plastic. Or, in the spring, InLine may be applied through drip irrigation under unperforated plastic beds at 13-20.5 gals. per acre, on mineral soils only. Before planting, allow product to dissipate for 1 week for every 10 gals. per acre plus 1 more week. REI: 3-5-day. IRAC UN, FRAC NC, IRAC 08B. RUP. VAPAM HL (4.25L) (metam sodium) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 37.5-75 gals. per acre. Use high rates on muck, and lower rates on sands. In the fall, when soil at 6 inches is above 50 F and moist, place VAPAM HL or Sectagon K42 about 8 inches beneath the surface through shank-injectors, or broadcast sprayers directly in front of tillage tools to bury it. Seal with soil packing or irrigation. Or, in the spring, it can be applied through drip irrigation under unperforated plastic beds. Before planting, allow product to dissipate for 1 week for every 10 gals. per acre plus 1 more week. REI: 5-day. IRAC 08F, FRAC M03, HRAC NC. RUP. Fruiting Vegetables – Insects Reviewed by Laura Ingwell, Raymond Cloyd, Luis Cañas – Sept 2021 Recommended Controls Aphids Aphids and thrips transmit viral diseases. If a disease is present among the pest population, the threshold for the pest (vectors) decline. Non-Pesticide Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | For greenhouses, consider purchasing and releasing the predatory midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza, lady beetles Adalia bipunctata and Hippodamia convergens, and lacewings Chrysopa carnea and Chrysoperla ryfilabris. Also depending on the aphid species, consider co-releasing a parasitoid wasps like Aphelinus abdominalis, Aphidius colemani, Aphidius ervi, or Aphidius matricariae. Avoid insecticides when deploying natural enemies. Pesticide Actara (25WDG) (thiamethoxam) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 2-3 oz. per acre. Apply as a foliar spray. Do not exceed 11 oz. per acre per season. Allow 5 days between applications. REI: 12-hour. PHI: 0-day. IRAC 04A. Admire Pro (4.6SC) (imidacloprid) Eggplant, Pepper, Tomato | 1.3-2.2 fl. oz. per acre foliar application for eggplant, pepper, and tomato. 7.0-10.5 fl. oz. per acre soil application on eggplant and tomato, up to 14 fl. oz. per acre for pepper. Do not exceed 6.7 fl. oz. per acre for foliar applications. Do not exceed 10.5 fl. oz. per acre for soil applications on eggplant and tomato, or 14 fl. oz. for pepper.

Articles in this issue

Archives of this issue

view archives of Great American Media Services - 2022 Midwest Vegetable Guide