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2022 Midwest Vegetable Guide

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Page 33 of 291

Produce Food Safety 34 Midwest Veg Guide 2022 Nature's International Certification Services (NICS) 224 E. State Highway 56 Viroqua, WI 54665 Phone: (608) 637-7080 Fax: (608) 637-7460 Email: Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Organic Certification 2800 N. Lincoln Blvd. Oklahoma City, OK 73152 Phone: (405) 522-5924 Email: Oregon Tilth Certified Organic PO Box 368 301 S.W. 4th St., Ste. 110 Corvallis, OR 97333 Phone: (503) 378-0690 Phone: (877) 378-0690 (toll free) Email: Organic Crop Improvement Association (OCIA) 1340 North Cotner Blvd. Lincoln, NE 68505 Phone: (402) 477-2323 Fax: (402) 477-4325 Email: Ohio Ecological Food and Farm Association 41 Croswell Rd. Columbus, OH 43214 Phone: (614) 262-2022 Email: Pro-Cert Organic Systems, Ltd. 2311 Elm Tree Rd. Cambray, ON K0M 1E0 Phone: (705) 374-5602 Fax: (705) 374-5604 Email: Quality Assurance International 4370 La Jolla Village Dr., Ste. 300 San Diego, CA 92122 Phone: (858) 791-3531 Email: Quality Certification Services (QCS) 5700 SW 34 th St., Ste. 349 Gainesville, FL 32608 Phone: (352) 377-0133 Email: Produce Food Safety Reviewed by Phil Tocco, Londa Nwadike, and Ben Phillips – Sept 2021 Produce food safety aims to reduce the risk of produce contamination by human pathogens or other contaminants during field production and postharvest handling. Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) present a set of guidelines and practices that can prevent or reduce the risk of produce contamination by a foodborne pathogen, or other contaminant, in the field and during postharvest handling. To reduce the risk of contamination by a foodborne pathogen, vegetable growers should adopt GAPs, paying particular attention to water management, waste (manure), worker sanitation/hygiene, and wildlife. All growers should utilize Good Agricultural Practices, but only certain buyers require GAPs certification and paying for a third party audit. Growers of a certain size who grow, harvest, pack or hold certain produce types must adopt particular GAPs to be in compliance with current Federal produce safety guidelines under the Food Safety Modernization Act Produce Safety Rule (FSMA PSR). The law codifies many GAP standards and follows the same general outline of hazards seen in GAPs. Rules regarding water used in the growing, harvest, packing and storage of fresh produce are under currently under review and will be enforced in the future. The Purdue Extension Publication, Food Safety for Fruit and Vegetable Farms: Good Agricultural Practices for Fruit and Vegetable Farms, gives an introduction to produce food safety, and is available at . Water Management Water can be a major source of contamination in crop production. It is important to make sure that water coming in contact with the crop is of adequate quality for its intended use. Growers should monitor the quality (presence of bacteria) of irrigation and process (postharvest) water through testing.

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