The Groundsman

January 2014

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the Groundsman January 2014 The principles of IPM Benefits of IPM IPM is a practice that can provide many benefits to the entire land-based industry, including: • Reduced health and safety risks; • Cost savings; • Reducing closure times of, or limiting access to, public areas; • Increasing biodiversity; • Reducing pest and plant resistance to a chemical; • Improving the industry's image regards the responsible use of pesticides. [10] While IPM provides a significant step in the right direction to reduce and minimise pesticide consumption, it should be seen as part of a hierarchy and "a first step in a process striving for an ambitious environmental level of protection that should be further elaborated." [11] Managers wishing to further improve on an IPM plan, once that stage has been achieved, would need to consider a more holistic approach to managing grounds which goes beyond the concept of IPM. Beyond IPM A holistic site wide approach, which includes considering the impact and integration of animals into decisions to complement that of the specific crop, represents a systems approach to managing farms, or entire land areas. This is often referred to as an integrated farming system or integrated farming management and provides a concept that can be developed by the grounds and turf care industry. The holistic approach would include not just the land up to the boundary that is being managed, but also the local community environment that surrounds GROW WITH THE IOG 19 the managed land area as well as corridors of green space that interconnect with other green space areas beyond the local community. This extends the ecological community-level protection approach proposed by Levins in his hedgerow problem model. [12] Improving the awareness of plant protection product use and engaging more with members of the public and local communities would positively impact on the Sustainable Communities Act 2007. The Act's "principal aim is to promote the sustainability of local communities" and is to encourage "the improvement of the economic, social or environmental well-being of the authority's area, or part of its area". [13] The process of social engagement can help to break down communication barriers that may exist between users of plant protection products and local communities, helping to better inform opinion and influence decisions of all stakeholders. The taking of a more embracing and holistic approach than that offered by IPM would show that professional suppliers and users are genuinely sympathetic to environmental concerns and are wishing to endorse the principles of sustainability within their practices. New IOG Qualifications The Institute of Groundsmanship (IOG) has been writing new qualifications to update and modernise the former NTC, NID and NDT, along with other new qualifications. One of these new IOG qualifications is the Level 3 Certificate in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Turf, which is initially planned as a home study course. To find out more about our range of new qualifications please check the website www.iog.org l References [1] Kogan, M. (1998) 'Integrated Pest Management: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Developments' Annu. Rev. Entomol. 1998 43:243-70 http://www.entomology.umn.edu/cues/4015/Kogan.pdf [2] Begon, M., Harper, J.L. & Townsend, C.R. (1986) 'Ecology: Individuals, Populations and Communities', (2nd Edition) Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp565-567 [3] 'The Plant Protection Products (Sustainable Use) Regulations 2012' http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2012/1657/contents/made [4] The National Action Plan ec.europa.eu/food/plant/pesticides/sustainable_use_pesticides/docs/nap_uk_en.pdf [5] The Amenity Forum http://www.amenityforum.co.uk/guidance.htm [6] Impact Assessment: Plant Protection Products: Sustainable Use Regulations 2012, IA No. DEFRA1316 http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2012/1657/impacts [7] Mitchell, K. & Baldock, D. (1996) 'Glossary of agri-environmental terms' English Nature Research Reports No. 159, p.22, http://publications.naturalengland.org.uk/publication/65048 [8] JKI (2009) 'Development of guidance for establishing Integrated Pest Management (IPM) principles' Final report, BiPRO Beratungsgesellschaft für integrierte Problemlösungen, Julius Kuhn-Institut, p.iii, http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ppps/pdf/draft_guidance_doc.pdf [9] DIRECTIVE 2009/128/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:309:0071:0086:en:PDF [10] Watkins, J. & Wright, T. (Eds) (2008) 'The Management & Maintenance of Historic Parks, Gardens & Landscapes', The English Heritage Handbook, p.229 [11] JKI (2009) 'Development of guidance for establishing Integrated Pest Management (IPM) principles' Final report, BiPRO Beratungsgesellschaft für integrierte Problemlösungen, Julius Kuhn-Institut, pp.20-21 & 33-43 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ppps/pdf/draft_guidance_doc.pdf [12] Levins, R. 'From simple IPM to the management of agroecosystems', in Kogan, M. & Jepson, P. (2007) 'Ecological Theory and Integrated Pest Management', Cambridge Visit www.iog.org for more information and digital editions

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