Danish Maritime Days 2016

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16 | October 2016 | Fairplay.IHS.com Counting the cost of not training ↘ Officers in the shipping industry are not being adequately trained in relation to new onboard equipment, according to feedback from maritime lecturers and seafarers gathered by Prof Helen Sampson and research associate Lijun Tang from the Seafarers International Research Centre at Cardiff University. Findings related to a questionnaire on seafarers' self-rated knowledge revealed that engineers were confident about the main engine manoeuvring system (83% self-rated knowledge was 'excellent') but were far less confident about their knowledge of oily water separators (only 40% self-rated as 'excellent'), while a staggering 37% said their knowledge of high-voltage equipment was 'basic' or even 'zero'. Navigators were confident on the more simple pieces of equipment such as AIS and GPS but were less confident about complex systems such as ECDIS, GMDSS, and ARPA. willknow,was'notforfree,you'dhavetopayextra'. Itisvitaltotrainships'crewsinhowtooperate safetyequipmentsothatwhentheyneedittheywon't havetothink.Seafarersarealreadysentonsafety trainingcourses,coveringhowtolaunchafreefall lifeboat,forexample,soshipownershavepushedback onadditionalcostoftrainingonindividualpiecesof equipment.Atatimeoffinancialstress,ownersare rightlyrethinkingeverycostelement.Thisshould ↘ SMM, the German maritime technology exhibition,doesnotspecificallyfocusonsafety. However,thereweremanyinterestingand knowledgeablesafetyexperts,surroundedbytheir colourfullifesavingappliances(LSAs),amongthe thousandsofstandsinHamburginSeptember. Iaskedonelifeboatsupplierwhetherthesales packageincludedinstructioninhowtousethis particularLSA.Hisanswer,aseveryoneinthebusiness Safety is an investment They were least confident with ECDIS, with 9% rating their own knowledge as 'zero', with a further 21% rating it as 'basic'. This is significant because accident investigation reports from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand between 2001 and 2011 suggest inadequate training and experience were the immediate cause of 7.5% of incidents investigated, and that inappropriate or ineffective use of technologywas the immediate cause in 2.8% of cases and a contributory cause in a further 6%. According to one maritime lecturer, "The industry seems to have adopted AIS without having to do any form of training on it." Sampson and Tang ask: why are shipping companies failing to provide adequate training for seafarers who take responsibility for assets worth several millions of dollars, where accidents and incidents can cause so much damage? A key concern is about paying for training. Three-quarters i Strange things happen at sea: training and new technology in a multi-billion global industry, by Helen Sampson and Lijun Tang was published online by Taylor & Francis in November 2015. FAIRPLAY Industry insight

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