Danish Maritime Days 2016

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Fairplay.IHS.com | October 2016 | 17 includeanassessmentoftheexpenseofproviding trainingtoships'crews. TherearemanyreportsofECDIS-influencednaviga- tionalerrorsstemmingfromtrainingononeelectronic systemonlyforseafarerstofindadifferentsystemon board.Giventhenumberoffatalitiescausedbylifeboat drillsthatgoseriouslywrong,itwouldbereasonablefor equipmentsupplierstomakeabsolutelycertainthe trainingofcrewsisregularandthorough.Andthefact thatcrewschangeconstantlyshouldnotbeanexcuse. Shipownersmustcontrolcostbutnotat theexpenseofsafety.Thedangeris thatsomeownersmerelytickboxes whenprovidingsafetyequipmentand makesuresomeoneelse,themasteror thecollege,offerstheinstruction. Theoffshoresectorhaslongbeen seenashavingamorefocusedsafety culture.Oneformersupportvessel workersuggestedtomeitwasoften overdone,butratherthatthana tick-boxculturethatprovesinad- equatewhendisasterstrikes. Adifferentperspectivewasofferedduringthe humanfactorsessionoftheOffshoreDialogue. MichaelMacdonaldArnskovofForceTechnologies talkedabouttheneedtomakesimulatortraining reflectrealworldexperience.Theinstructormust guideandmotivatethestudent,hesaid,"andhelp themforgetit'savirtualenvironment."It'soften consideredthatoneweek'strainingisequaltoayear's experienceonboardship,howeverthatdoesnot removetheneedforship-boardexperience. There'sasocialaspecttotrainingthatcan'tbe accelerated.Peopleinteractwithpeopleaswellaswith machines;learninghowfellowseafarersrespondtoa commandcan'tbeshort-circuitedonatrainingcourse. AnotherspeakerintheOffshoreDialogue,Acta MarinefleetsafetyofficerKerrieForster,describedthe latestdevelopmentsinwalk-to-workgangways,which aremuchsaferthantheusual'bumpandjump' method.Increasingconcernforpersonnelsafetyinthe offshorewindbusinesshasledto innovationintransfersystemsand theevolutionofserviceoperation vessels.Offshorethinkersandsafety expertshaveturnedtheirattention awayfromthestrugglingoilandgas markettooffshorewind.Hereclient comfort,transferringpersonnelsafely, and–asinmerchantshipping–cost arethepillarsofvesseloperations. Offshorewindcontractorsoften havenoseaexperience,strugglewith seasicknessandareunabletoworkeffectivelyasthe constantmovementrestrictstheirabilitytogetdecent restaftera12-hourworkingday.Theneedforcomfort hasunderpinnedsomenewdesignsforoffshorewind vessels.Arnskovcommented,"Recruitmentof personnelisanissuetodayandwillbemoresoin future.Anythingwecandotoretainourpeoplewill significantlyreducethecostofretraining."Shipowners note:intheoffshoreoilandgasandoffshorewind sectors,safetyisaninvestment. 'The industry seems to have adopted AIS without having to do any form of training on it' PA 'Learning how fellow seafarers respond to a command can't be short-circuited on a training course' UKHydrographicOffice can be deduced that many seafarers do not receive advice (from colleagues or manuals) in their mother tongue, and thus instruction has the potential to be flawed. This tempts some to experiment to try to find out how equipment works – "A high-risk strategy," the authors warn. If responsibility for the cost of training and continuing professional development has shifted from employers to employees, the danger is that seafarers will favour courses they can afford rather than those that best develop their skills. In some cases in the Philippines, this cost has prompted fraudulent certification. Sampson and Tang say employers have yet to fully appreciate the extent to which they may need to shoulder a far greater proportion of the costs of initial training and continuing professional development if they are to maintain the stock of competence within their workforce. Given a competitive market, "it is challenging to see how anything other than stronger and more responsive international regulation can effectively address the current situation". of Chinese respondents said their companies paid for training, compared with only 42% of Filipinos. Younger seafarers were more likely to have their training paid for, engineers more likely than deck officers, and seafarers working on bulk carriers least likely to have the cost of = covered =. Almost half of seafarers were 'not usually' or 'never' compensated for leave time lost for training. In times of recession, companies are more likely to expect seafarers to cover their own training and certification costs, whereas in times of peak demand seafarers can be signed on at the airport, with training on specific pieces of equipment undertaken while at sea. This should be a worry for the industry. This research found that 77% of Filipinos received training in onboard equipment after they had first used it, compared with just 40% of non-Filipino seafarers. And where seafarers ran into problems with equipment on board as a result of their lack of knowledge they tended to resort to reference manuals (93%) and, to a lesser extent, to colleagues. On a ship crewed from a range of sources, it FAIRPLAY Industry insight

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