Issue 107

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Page 12 of 59

Even though this famine created a major political turning point in the history of India and is thought to have killed more people in that small area of India than died in the Great Famine, it feels like this huge human disaster has just been erased from the history books. It all started when the British owned the East India Company, destroying all the other textile jobs in the area that had previously given most of the work to the Indian people. This lead to a lack of money and more reliance upon monsoons to bring more water for more food. As time went on, the price of grain rose and rose and this mixed with the numerous droughts lead to disaster, as labourers struggled to afford what little food there already was. Racism also started to seep into the country as people started to observe the work of English Scholar, Thomas Robert Malthus, who had previously said that starvation and death was nature's way of balancing out the lack of food and over- population problems. This was a theory that had reflected the practice that the British had already put in place in Ireland in the years before, during the infamous Great Famine. In the meantime, the colonial governor of the province further took on the ideas of Malthus and made a choice not to reduce the price of grain, believing that he would be tampering with nature if he did this. By this point, there were mass graves being dug all over the city. Throughout the city were reports of people of all ages desperately calling out for food. It was only when the British in the country of India themselves started feeling the effects of starvation, and the news spread to London and Calcutta, that those in charge decided to do something. What's more, it was discovered that during this time, the British in India were exporting rice to their homeland and making money off the profit whilst millions of Indians lay dying, desperate for the food that was so close to them but they could not afford. Over the years, more famines happened with the same problems occurring, and overall, an estimated 15 million people died from starvation. GUESTLIST 2018 / ISSUE 107 13 GUESTLIST In 1866, the British Empire committed one of its worst atrocities, it allowed millions of Indians to die during the Orissa Famine of 1866. HOW THE BRITISH HEARTLESSLY MURDERED OVER ONE MILLION INDIANS BAD HISTORY

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