October '14

For the Business of Apparel Decorating

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8 6 | Printwear O ctO b e r 20 1 4 Some of my customers want prints with a softer hand. How do I achieve that? The hand of the print comes from the pigment in the ink. Less pigment on the garment gives you a softer print. You can achieve that with a higher mesh count or by adding ink without pigment to dilute the pigment. Ink without pigment is called different names, such as soft hand, base, or extender base. If the mesh count is too high or you add too much soft hand, you may lack sufficient opacity, so do some testing, especially when printing on darks. When you test, some inks, like black, are more pigment rich and can be diluted more than other inks, like yellow or khaki. Test the limits of each ink on each color of garment to find out how much soft hand you can add before the garment's color shows through the image. RogeR Jennings, R Jennings Mfg. Co. How can I increase the pop and vibrancy of my four-color process yellow and magenta? Add fluorescent yellow and fluorescent red ink to the process yel- low and process red inks. Start at 5 percent addition by weight. Make sure you do not exceed the ink manufacturer's pigment-to-base ratio recommenda- tions. ChRis PluCk, insta gRaPhiC systeMs When I remove emulsion from the screen and then use the screen to print the next job, I often see a shadow from the previous image in the new print. Why does this happen and how do I get rid of it? What you're seeing is the ghost or haze image that remains on the screen, even though you took the steps to thoroughly remove the emulsion and all traces of the screen-printed image. To prevent this, use one-part haze remover in a thick liquid form. Unlike a watery-type haze remover, a thicker product enables you to apply the haze remover to the screen without it running onto the frame adhesive that holds the mesh in place. You can then confidently scrub both sides of the screen, knowing that the ad- hesive won't be weakened. Most importantly, you'll be left with an intact screen frame without any haze images. gRegoRy MaRkus, RhinoteCh I'm just getting started in screen printing. A lot of designs require lettering, and I'm clueless about choosing fonts. Any advice is greatly appreciated. Every art department needs a variety of fonts. This doesn't require a lot of money, but invest some time to research on the Internet. The good news is there is an amazing amount of free fonts, so it's a good place to start. Be careful about which free-font sites you visit. It's easy to hide a virus in a zipped font file. You can search fonts by subject, such as summer, fun, or pirates. Ideally, you should match a font style to the artwork in the design. Some creative fonts are hard to read, so avoid those. Also, keep in mind that some fonts come in upper and lower case while others are available in only upper case or only lower case. Dane CleMent, gReat Dane gRaPhiCs What should I know about discharge inks? First, not all garment dyes are dis- chargeable. The garment manufac- turers don't tell you, either. You could The 2014 Q&A TroubleshooTing guide > screen Printing Q&A Use one-part haze remover in thick liquid form to prevent hazy prints. (Image courtesy of rhinotech)

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